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$£ 



J 

JUNE, 1904 



NUMBER 30 



The University of 
North Carolina 

RECORD 




The One Hundred and Ninth 
Commencement 



PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY 

ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFFICE 

AT CHAPEL HILL, N. C 



JUNE, 1904 



NUMBER 30 



The University of 
North Carolina 

RECORD 




The One Hundred and Ninth 
Commencement 



CHAPEL HILL, N. C. 

PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY 

1904 



THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 
CHAPEL HILL 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD. 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

Number 30. Fifty Cents a Year. June, J 904, 



THE ONE HUNDRED AND NINTH ANNUAL COMMENCE- 
MENT. 

THE BACCALAUREATE SERMON. 

The exercises of Commencement week were opened on May 29th with 
the baccalaureate sermon, by Reverend James I. Vance, D.D., pastor of 
the North Reformed Church, Newark, N. J. Dr. Vance is a native of 
Tennessee, a graduate of King's College and of the Union Theological 
Seminary, has filled pastorates of Presbyterian churches at Wytheville, 
Alexandria, Norfolk, and Nashville, and is an author of note. Only a brief 
outline of his able sermon can be printed in this issue of The Record. 

"A man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the 
tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock 
in aweary land." — Isaiah XXXII: 2. 

"My theme is a man. Not society, but a man; not a nation, but a man; 
not a church, but a man; not men, but man; not a scholar, or a poet, or a 
jurist, or a statesman, or a preacher, but a man. 

"The text is a philosophy, a portrait, a phophecy, a promise and a plea. 

"It is a philosophy of life, and that philosophy is that the development 
and control of the world are in the hands of its best men. It is the man 
that makes the age, rather than the age the man. 

"Great men are not all of the world, but they make life possible for little 
men. They lift the race on their shoulders. They are like the rock that 
stands between the drifting sands and the oasis sheltered behind it. They 
stop the drift and conquer the desert. Here and there a great man has 
stood, rock like in his principles and convictions, sheltering smaller and 



4 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

weaker lives, and on him the storm meant for them and which wonld have 
destroyed them, has broken and spent itself. Abraham was such a man. 
He checked a world-drift, and an elect nation became possible. Moses was 
such a man. He checked a social drift, and an emancipated people 
marched away from slavery . Paul was such a man. He checked a race- 
drift, and Christianity became history. Luther was such a man. He checked 
an age-drift, and the Protestant Reformation became a fact. William of 
Orange, Oliver Cromwell, Thomas Jefferson have been such men, and in 
them again history records the glory of a man. 

"Thus it conies about that it is possible to write human history with the 
names of men. This is the true philosophy of events. God is in the busi- 
ness of making a man. Primarily, he is not forming governments and 
founding schools and leading armies and thrusting out reformations. He 
packs himself into a man, and the man does the rest. The glory of a na- 
tion is not its laws, its trade, its institutions, its ressurces. but its people; 
and a college education that does not make a student more a man is a cur- 
riculum of wind. 

"My text is also a portrait of the world's best man. What is he like? 
Two things characterize him. He is self -resourceful, and he uses what he 
has for others. His glory is not in suppression, but in expression of his 
great powers. 

"He has the strength of the granite. But he is as gentle as he is strong, 
and as considerate as he is resourceful. He uses his great strenth, not to 
glorify himself, but to bless those whom he may help. The weak lean on 
him, the frightened flee to him, the weary lie down in his presence and 
rest, the thirsty are refreshed, the hungry are fed. There is safety beside 
him. He is a strong, resourceful, self-forgetting, world-blessing and world- 
blessed man. 

"The kind of man Christ became is related in the text. It is the biogra- 
phy of Jesus . He was an hiding place from the wind and a covert from 
the tempest. 

"Follow him through the world and see how the prophetic portrait be- 
comes a living reality. Younder a blind beggar with the wintry winds 
biting through the rags, cries to Jesus, and Jesus shelters him and he 
finds in Christ a hiding place from the wind. There a woman caught in 
shame, is dragged before him, and he pities her and she finds him a covert 



rati cnivkksity RBOORD 

from the tempest. There again a mother, with her joy dead, follows 
mournfully beside the bier of bet only son, Christ halts the funeral pro 
cession and raises the dead and becomes to- a woman's withered heart as 

rivers of water in a dry place. And yonder a thief bangs on a cross pray- 
ing to Christ, "Remember me," and the prayer is answered and .Jesus he- 
comes to the penitent thiol as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land. 

"Such was Christ to the tempest-smitten, wind-driven, sun scorched, 
tired and thirsty and condemned. He stood where the currents are strong- 
est and checked the drifts. The most dangerous drift in human life is sin, 
and Christ at Calvary was the "Rock of Ages, 1 ' checking the sin-drift and 
making possible the redemption of mankind. 

"All that Jesus was, He is. Behold the man, the ideal man, the Chris- 
tian. Jesus is the hero of the modern world Criticism may assail all else, 
but it cannot cloud the glory of Christ. As Sidney Lanier so eloquently 
sings Him, He is 'the Crystal Christ.' Turn from the portrait prophetic 
to the portrait incarnate, and make Christ your hero. 

"The text is also a promise. It is a promise of what a man shall be. It 
is a divine commission for the common average life. Just an ordinary 
man shall rise up out of littleness and parsimony and mediocrity into the 
grandeur and glory of the portrait. 

'Christ is one of a type. He is the elder brother in a numerous family. 
He is not to be a man without a country and a people. The promise made 
him was that he should see of the travail of His soul and be satisfied. 

"Jesus is a revelation of the higher and fiuer possibilities there are for 
every man who trusts Him. Man never knew how high he could climb 
until Christ came. Jesus has scaled the heights of character and service 
for humanity, and he is calling us up the heights. 

"Such are to be the Saviours of the world. The world's best man is a 
Christian man; not in the narrow dogmatic sense, not in the silly ritual- 
istic sense, not in the bigoted ecclesiastical sense, but in the large and 
glorious Christ-like sense. To become such is possible for every man. 
This is the true goal of mankind. 

"My text is a plea. It is a plea that you become what it portrays. Your 
best clamors for recognition. It is thundering at the door of your life and 
saying: 'Let me in.' 

"The fact that you may, pleads that you do. With such a sublime sta- 
tion possible, what shame to live a lower life. Be a man! 



b THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

"If, in the years that are to come, you shall exploit through the calling 
of your choice and in the community where you live the measures of a real 
man, the University will never rue the day it sends you out with its name 
on your forehead, and God will not disown you in the day of life's finals." 

SERMON BEFORE THE Y. M. C. A. 

In the evening, the Reverend G. H. Detwiler, D.D., Presiding Elder of 
the Charlotte district of the Methodist Conference, preached the annual 
sermon before the Young Men's Christian Association, winning for him- 
self a place in the hearts of the whole student body. His discourse was in 
part as follows: 

"My subject is, 'The Function of True Manhood.' 'He that believeth 
on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his inner being shall flow rivers 
of living water. ' John VII :38. 

; 'Personality is one of the fundamental facts of divine revelation. The 
opening statement of the record is, 'In the beginning God created,' and the 
closing statement, 'I am Alpha and Omega'. The literature of the Hebrew 
nation is emphatically the history of great personalities. In the fullness 
of time the divine personality on the one side and the human on the other, 
meet and blend in Jesus Christ, and from Him onward, the evolution of 
Christianity hinges upon the influence of great men. Paul and his co- 
laborers in New Testament times; Luther and Calvin in the days of the 
Reformation; Knox and Wesley in the great modern revival. 

"The product of personality under the influence of the Divine Spirit is 
character. Teaching of the ten words enunciated by Moses is strictly 
ethical. The aspirations breathed in the inspired songs is for purity of 
heart. The vision of the Prophets is the ideal society, on every depart- 
ment of which is inscribed 'Holiness to the Lord'. The Beautitudes of 
Jesus Christ, reduced to their last analysis, are character manifesting itself 
in a pure and beneficent service. The ideal society which Paul sees is to 
be without spot or wrinkle or any such thing; the ideal manhood of the 
sons of God, according to John, is a transformation into the likeness of 
Jesus Christ; the consummation of the gospel plan as seen by the Seer of 
Patmos, is the city whose glory and embellishments may be reduced to the 
fundamentals of purity, beauty and strength. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 7 

' 'The activity of the Divine Spiril expends Itself in the painful and pa 
tient effort through the Long ages to develop the human personality into 

this ideal character. That which we call the atonement is hut the exprea 
sion of this effort. What we call the remedial side of the atonement, has 
for its objective point, this goal. Ohrist suffered and died not to make us 
happy, but righteous. Propitiation is suffering with, rather than for, 
humanity. Reconciliation is not so much a turning away of divine wrath 
from an offending sinner, as the winning of that sinner into a loving affin- 
ity with the character of God. The gospel scheme is not so much the 
organization of a rescuing party as the setting forth of positive agencies to 
turn men from sin to righteousness. Happiness is indeed one of the results 
secured by such a process, but happiness is simply one of the results of 
character rather than the object aimed at through the suffering and death 
of Christ. Our happiness, according to the teachings of Ohrist, depends 
not so much on where we are as what we are. Hell is not so much a place 
as a condition. 

"The disciplinary side of the divine effort in dealing with men, is to 
produce character. The product of divine discipline, when properly re- 
ceived, is the peaceable fruit of righteousness. God's training involves 
suffering and pain, but the outcome is the enlargement and strengthening 
of character. 

"The product, then, of personality in the divine process is character, and 
the function of character is service. The ideal society is not the product 
of great institutions nor of philosophy, but the human and divine person- 
alities co-working in the upbuilding of personal character. The function 
of true manhood is the service in which he co operates with his Divine 
Master for the building up of an ideal society. This service is two-fold in 
character. It is first of all a defensive service, 'a man shall be as a hiding 
place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land'. Whatever of 
strength a man gathers to himself, is used for the defense of the weak and 
helpless. In the second place, this service is to be distributed. Christian 
manhood is a reservoir into which God pours a rich and varied inheritance; 
and he has so ordered that, to be of largest value to him who receives it, 
it must be dispensed abroad, 'as rivers of water in a dry and thirsty land'. 
The river is not made to fill the sea but to water the land. Man best glor- 
ifies God by falling into harmony with the Divine process and pouring 



» THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

forth his life in fruitful streams of service. Whatever he is able to gather 
to himself, be it riches or the knowledge of truth, is to be used as a divine 
legacy for the enrichment of his fellows. The divine law is not that of 
accumulation, but of distribution. 

"The diginity of man is his personality; the glory of man is his perfect 
character; the mission of man, which insures his immortality and endur- 
ing glory, is the service rendere'd to humanity in sympathy and harmony 
with the eternal law of service." 

THE INTER-SOCIETY BANQUET. 

For many years most of the interesting events of commencement week 
have occurred on Tuesday and Wednesday, leaving Monday out in the 
cold, — or, more frequently in the heat. It was a happy thought that led 
the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies to hold a joint banquet on Mon- 
day night. The two that have been held were most successful, and the 
inter-society banquet will be thought of hereafter as one of the great 
events of the week. 

Mr. E. S. W. Dameron, of the Philanthropic Society, presided, and made 
a pleasant address of welcome. Rev. Dr. A. D. Betts, of '55, asked a bles 
sing. Messrs. A. H. Johnston, A. W. Haywood, and J. B. Ramsey re- 
sponded to the toast to the Dialectic Society; Messrs A. L. Oox, J. S. 
Newton, and R. S. Stewart, to the Philanthropic Society; to the class of 
'54, Dr. Richard H. Battle; to the class of '79, Hon. Francis D. Winston. 
Major John W. Brodnax, of '41, and others made interesting talks. The 
address of the evening was made by Dr. Charles D. Mclver, '81, who is 
himself one of the best examples of the training which the two Societies 
give to their members. 

CLASS DAY. 

After the usual service of prayer in the Chapel at 9:30, the Class Day 
exercises were held. The President of the class, Mr. S S. Robins, wel- 
comed the audience. Mr. W. E Pharr read the history of the class; Mr. 
C. P. Russell, the prophecy; Mr. N. R. Graham, the last will and testa- 
ment. Mr. E. S. W. Dameron made the address of presentation of the 
class gift, a handsome reading-desk for the Chapel, and it was accepted in 



TF1K UNIVERSITY BSOORD 9 

behalf of the University by Colonel T. S. Kenan, ipeaking in place of 
Governor Aycook, whom official duties detained in Raleigh. Late in the 
afternoon, the closing exeroises were held around the Davie poplar, and 

the class statistics read by Mr. A. H. Johnston. Even the rain did not 
dampen the enthusiasm of the class. 

THE ALUMNI ADDRESS. 

At noon the annual address before the Alumni was delivered by Hon . 
Francis D. Winston, of '79. It was heartily enjoyed by the large audience. 
"Today I can only open the flood gates of memory, and let flow the past 
as it ripples or rushes through my heart." He did that, and much more. 
Everyone of his hearers was sorry when the last sentences were spoken : 
"We go hence to the busy world. Our paths in life are wide apart; but, 
as every Roman road led to the golden milestone in the Forum, so the 
diverging paths of our varied lives all lead back to this hallowed spot, 
where memory and affection cling with a fervor and a joy that will endure 
as long as life itself." 

After Judge Winston's address, luncheon was served to the Alumni in 
Commons Hall. Oolonel Thomas S. Kenan, '57, President of the Associa- 
tion, occupied the chair until the business of the meeting had been finished, 
resigning it then to Judge Fred Philips, '5S, who served as toastmaster 
with his accustomed humor, grace, an I dignity. Major H. A. London, '65, the 
Secretary, read the minutes of the last meeting, and Mr. James O. Taylor, 
'77. presented his report as Treasurer. Among those who spoke were Presi- 
dent Venable, Dr. Charles D. Mclver, '81, Dr. George T. Winston, '68, 
and Oolonel Robert Bingham, '57. Further speechmaking was omitted, 
as the hour for the meeting of the Board of Trustees had arrived. Before 
adjournment, the committee which was appointed last year to search into 
the needs of the University made the following report: 

"To the Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina: 

"On account of the unusually burdensome engagements of all the mem- 
bers of your committee during the past year, it has not proved possible for 
it to consider at length all of the objects for which it was organized. Some 
of these objects are so far-reaching that effective work toward their accom- 
plishment can be done only after great research, care and deliberation. At 



10 TBtE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

this meeting of the Alumni Association , therefore, we can only report 
briefly upon some matters which fall within the field assigned to us. 

Your committee notes with great pleasure the organization during the 
present year of the work of the graduate department of the University. 
The faculty has now assembled the graduates' work offered at the Univer- 
sity, and has established a graduate department with forty-five courses. 
Dr. C. Alphonso Smith is dean of this department. Your committee calls 
the special attention of the members of this association to the great op- 
portunity which this department offers to the individual alumnus to place 
himself in touch with the great work of education performed by the Uni- 
versity. By singling out the special branch of work in which the individ- 
ual may be most interested, and by concentrating his energies and his gift 
offerings along this special line, great benefit will accrue to our State, great 
honor will be conferred upon our beloved alma mater, and great pleasure 
and satisfaction come to the individual alumnus. The establishment of 
fellowships in this University is easily within the reach of many patriotic 
sons of the Old North State. It is now one of the great needs of the insti- 
tution. Your committee regards the establishment during the present 
year of a summer course of instruction in library work, and the organiza- 
tion of a State Library Association as two most important steps forward in 
the educational life of North Carolina. Your particular attention is called 
to this new work, and your support is enlisted to the end that public sent- 
iment and our State will no longer permit a librarian to be a mere custod- 
ian of books, instead of a trained worker among books, equipped with a 
thorough knowledge of how to make books useful and available. The de- 
velopment of a creditable State library system is a work that should ap- 
peal to the minds and hearts of this association and her loyal and loving 
sons. 

It is confidently believed by your committee that a more thorough organ- 
ization of the alumni of the University will not only render powerful as- 
sistance in carrying out its burdens and in supplying equipment for its 
greater progress and its higher development, but will bring great benefit to 
the individual movers in this great cause. To accomplish this end your 
committee recommends to this association that it issue a general call to 
all local alumni associations of the University to assemble in their respec- 
tive homes on the 12th day of each October in each year, and celebrate 



THB UNIVERSITY KKCOKI) II 

University Day Id such a manner as may be appropriate, and ;it Bnoh meet 
ings arrange for at least one member from every local association to at 

tend the annual assembly of the alumni associations at < Jhapel Hill during 
commencement week, and clothe such member or members with sufficient 
authority to represent his association in all matters coming before the as- 
sembly for discussion and action. 

"Respectfully submitted, 

"FRANCIS P. VENABLE, 
"JOHN SPRUNT HILL, 
"S. M. GATTIS, 
"CHAS. D. McIVER." 
The same gentlemen were re-appointed to look further into the needs 
of the University. 

MEETING OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 

The resignation of Dr. Charles Baskerville, professor of chemistry, was 
accepted. Dr. Baskerville goes to the chair of chemistry in the College of 
the City of New York. 

Dr. Thomas Ruffin, who will practice law in Charlotte, resigned the 
professorship of law x and his resignation was accepted. Mr. Lucius Polk 
McGehee, of Raleigh, A.B., 1887, LL.B., 1891, was elected to fill the va- 
cancy caused by Dr. Ruffin' s resignation. 

Mr. J. E. Latta was advanced from the position of instructor in physics 
to that of associate professor of physics. 

Mr. Nathaniel Cortlandt Curtis, of Southport, Ph.B., 1900, was elected 
instructor in drawing. 

Messrs. Victor S. Bryant, A. M. Scales, Perrin Busbee, W. A. Guthrie, 
and R. H. Battle were appointed a committee to memorialize the Legisla- 
ture on the subject of a chemical laboratory, one of the most pressing 
needs of the University . 

The following report was presented by the visiting committee: 

REPORT OF THE VISITING COMMITTEE. 

Gentlemen:— Your visiting committee begs to report that it met at the 
University on Tuesday the 17th of May, all the members being present, 



12 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

and made a careful examination and inquiry into the affairs of the Uni- 
versity. 

We found the buildings and grounds and other physical properties of 
the University well kept and cared for. 

The attendance is large, and the personnel of the student body excellent. 

We were more than pleased with the spirit of the University. The loy- 
alty, self-sacrifice, and enthusiasm of the officers and faculty are, in our 
opinion, beyond comparison, and we consider that our State is indeed for- 
tunate in having such men in charge of her chief seat of learning. 

We are glad to note that during this time of almost universal striving 
for up-to-date methods the University has succeeded in holding to the best 
traditions of the past, and that she now presents a most happy combina- 
tion of conservatism and progress. The University is wide awake, pro- 
gressive, and, as far as it is permitted by its income, is abreast with mod- 
ern methods and improvements, but she has not learned to forget the 
high ideals of our fathers. 

The business management of the University is good, and it requires no 
mean executive ability to pay the expenses of an institution of such high 
grade upon so inadequate an income. As far as your Committee could see, 
the accounts and books of the Bursar are properly and accurately kept. 
We note that the heating plant has been conducted at an apparent loss, ac- 
cording to the books, but we think no loss would appear had the University 
charged itself with an adequate price for the heat received by it. The 
first two years after the installation of the heating plant the University 
paid only one thousand dollars a year for the heat received for the halls, 
recitation rooms, etc., and this we consider totally inadequate and as hav- 
ing caused a large part, if not the entire amount, of the apparent deficit. 

The heads of the various departments of the college came before the 
Committee and made certain requests. 

[These are omitted here.] 

(We here append the statement of Dr. Baskerville, which will more fully 
explain the needs of the Chemical Department.) 

Chapel Hill, N. C., May 1?, 1904. 
Gentlemen of the Visiting Committee : — 

Concerning the Chemical Department, I desire to call attention to the 
increase in the number of students of the past four years: 



THK [TNIYKliSlTY RBOOBD 18 

1900-01 . HK)i-02 1909-06 1008-04 

25:* 868 870 lor, 

We were unable u> aooommodate 58 studi nts al nil this year in the lab« 
oratory, and one laboratory class, 38 members, wasgiven an abbreviated 

course in tlie laboratory of the Department of Pharmacy. 

The building with its additions should not be required to accomodate 
more than 200 students, yet we are literally driving twice that many 
through it. I have withdrawn from the catalogue statements that we 
have good ventilation, for they are no longer true. In our effort to meet 
the demand for desk room, practically all the hoods for conveying away 
noxious fumes have been removed. I confess to a fear of our having made 
a mistake, as the atmosphere becomes intolerable at times. It is no unus- 
ual thing to observe a score of, or double that many students working in 
the qualitative laboratory with wet handkerchiefs tied about their faces to 
remove in part the poisonous vapours they must take into their lungs. 
Such a state of affairs in an institution belonging to a Commonwealth 
like North Carolina is a disgrace. 

We are forced to leave the heavy chemicals out of doors as there is no 
room within the building for their housing. Valuable collections have 
come to the Department for exhibition purposes, but there is no place even 
to store them. I can readily secure other and handsomer illustrative sam- 
ples, but shall decline to request further donations until we can be reason- 
ably assured that what we have now will be cared for. 

One laboratory class, for lack of room, has been discontinued to the det- 
riment of the teaching. For details, I beg leave to refer to my two im- 
mediately preceding reports and that you realize the difficulties there enum- 
ated are aggravated now. Although the spirit and work of the staff is en- 
thusiastic and satisfactory, I must frankly say that the instruction is de- 
teriorating and must continue not to be first class on account of the diffi- 
culties mentioned. 

In spite of these obstacles, our graduates are sought for positions of trust 
either in pedagogical lines or the laboratories of industrial concerns. So 
far we have been unable to supply the demands upon us for chemists. Our 
men are supplying places from Connecticut to Florida, Delaware to Mis- 
souri. 

A number of scientific researches have been carried out and published 



14 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

in the journals, and assistance in the form of money grants has come 
from the Carnegie Institute and the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. 

It is distinctly unpleasant to make the above statements; but conditions 
require them. We hold an enviable position in the South at present. The 
idea of lowering the standard is as objectionable to you as it is abhorrent 
to me, yet that confronts us as one of three alternatives, to-wit: first, con- 
tinue attempting the impossible, i. e., retrograde; second, decrease the 
number of students, which you do not want done; or third, build a lab- 
oratory of sufficient size and properly equipped to care for the students 
who seek instruction in the Department. Surely the State will not have 
its own children beg in vain forever! 

Respectfully submitted, 
Charles Baskerville, Director. 
We were much impressed with the need for a new chemical laboratory; 
in fact, we consider it a necessity, and we therefore recommend that the 
Board of Trustees take such action as in their wisdom they deem best to 
provide a new chemical building at as early date as possible. The reasons 
for the necessity of this new building are given in some detail in the state- 
ment hereinbefore set out of Dr. Baskerville, the Director of the Chemi- 
ical Department, and in the event a new chemical laboratory is erected, 
Person Hall can be used for the Biological Laboratory. A careful examin- 
ation by the Committee reveals the fact that his statement is fully justi- 
fied. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. M. Scales, 
Perrin Busbee, 
C. W. Worth. 

the commencement debate. 

At 8:30, p. m., the fifth anual debate between the representatives of the 
Dialectic and Philanthropic Literary Societies was held, Messrs. C. W. 
Miller and C. C. Earnhardt representing the Dialectic Society on the af- 
firmative, and Messrs. H. S. Lewis, and J. K. Wilson, the Philanthropic so- 
ciety on the negative of the question: Resolved, That the national govern- 
ment should compel the settlement of all labor troubles of national impor- 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 15 

tanoe through a board of. arbitration. The derision of the judges, Messrs. 
Fred Philips, John Sprunt Hill, and Francis 1). Winston, was in f avor of 
the negative. The Bingham medal was awarded to Mr. Lewis, as the 
best debater on the winning side. 

After the debate, most of the visitors on the Hill attended a pleasant re- 
ception given in Commons Hall by the President and Faculty. This re- 
ception, instituted in recent years, gives an opportunity for the faculty and 
friends of the students to meet each other. It is now one of the most en- 
joyable events of the week. 

REUNIONS OF CLASSES. 

At various times on Tuesday and Wednesday, the classes of '54, '79, and 
'99 held reunions. 

THE CLASS OF 1854. 

The survivors of this class, which graduated sixty men in 1854, now 
number thirteen: Hon. R. H. Battle, LL.D., Raleigh, N. C, Hon. John P. 
Cobb, Tallahassee, Fla., Rev. Needham B. Cobb, DD., Garland, Sampson 
Co., N. C, Maj. E. Livingstone Faison, Faison's, Sampson Co., N.C., 
Col. John M. Galloway, Madison, N. C, Albert K. Graham, Esq., 
Memphis, Tenn., Capt. John G. B. Grimes, Raleigh, N. C. , John H. Hill, 
Esq., Goldsborough, N. C, D. G. Robeson, Esq., Red Springs, N. C, Maj. 
John D. Shaw, Rockingham, N. C, Capt. Wm. H. Thompson, Decatur, 
Ga., Hon. J. E. Vann, Live Oak, Fla., Dr. George Whitfield, Old Spring 
Hill, Alabama. 

The re-union was attended by Messrs. Battle, N. B. Cobb, and Faison. 
At the Alumni Banquet Tuesday night Dr. Battle responded to the toast 
to the class. On Wednesday the class dined at the home of Prof. Collier 
Cobb with the children of three members of the class, Dr. Thomas Ruffin, 
son of Dr. John K. Ruffin, Professor Collier Cobb, son of Rev. Dr. N. B. 
Cobb, and Mrs. Collier Cobb, daughter of Hon. R. H. Battle. Letters were 
read from Messrs. John B. Cobb, Galloway, Hill, Robeson, Shaw, Thomp- 
son, Vann, and Whitfield, bearing loving messages to the class, and ex- 
pressing regret at their inability to be present. 

THE CLASS OF 1879. 

A member of the class has kindly furnished this note: "The class, you 



16 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

know, had no reunion other than to sit together and hear Winston's ad- 
dress, and to sit together at the banquet and hear the other speeches, all 
of which was very pleasant, more so than at any time since the great com- 
mencement in 1889. The improvements on the Hill and campus are very 
marked to one who conies only once in five years. 

Winston's speech was one of the most enjoyable of its kind we have ever 
had. The class went there merely-to grace the occasion as best we could, 
for it was not our regular reunion, though he seems to think we had an 
agreement to meet this year. I do not remember it, but am glad we went, 
even at the risk of letting the Hill see to much of us, perhaps. 

We always try to bring life with us. We do not advertise our failures, 
nor come back to our Alma Mater to mourn over them . We let her see 
the best side of us. 

The class keeps up its organization. It has a president, who never pre- 
sides over anything, and never speaks if he can help it; a historian, whose 
duties are to keep a record of what each member of the class is doing, and 
read it at the reunions held at the end of the decades. This record we 
published in 1889, our first reunion. 

The class had eleven full graduates. None have died. All reside in 
North Carolina except one, A. C. Springs. Rev. Robert Strange has been 
away, but has returned. All have met at a reunion, except W. L. Hill and 
Spring. I cannot now write of the reunion, as you asked me, to, but have 
hastily jotted down a few facts. Dr. Battle has kept up with the class 
very well, as he keeps up with most things." 

THE CLASS OF 1899. 

The class of '99 celebrated the fifth anniversary of their graduation at 
the recent commencement, with their first reunion. The reunion banquet 
was served at Pickard's hotel on Tuesday night, and was followed by a 
smoker. Mr. T. Gilbert Pearson acted as toastmaster, and toasts were re- 
sponded to by the following members of the class: — Messrs. Wilson, L. R., 
Wilson, W. S., London, Broadhurst, Holmes, Bunn, Coker, Cox, Coxe, 
Hume, Crawford, Ross, Buxton, Kittrell, and Latta. 

The members of the class present were unanimous in their approval of 
the administration of the class officers during the five years, and the sec- 
retary was thanked, in a rising vote, for his services to the class. Every 



T1IK INIVKKSITY RBOORD 17 

man present expressed himself , with enthusiasm, as favoring fche oontin 
oanoe of fche olass organization and the holding of a seoond reunion Ave 
years hence. Letters and telegrams from absent members were read, also, 
and all these were in the same spirit. The class book will be published 
regularly during the next Ave years, and it is hoped that conditions will 
be such that every member can attend fche next reunion. 

COMMENCEMENT DAY. 

At 10:15, the academic procession formed and marched to Memorial 
Hall. After prayer by the Reverend William M. Meade, D.D., the Presi- 
dent read the titles of theses presented by candidates for degrees in course. 

The four seniors selected to deliver orations were: E A. Daniel, Jr., The 
Origin of Lair; J. H. Winston, Race Destiny. A Southern View; L. E. Rud- 
sill, A Just Conservatism; and E. S. W. Dameron, America in World Poli- 
tics. 

The commencement address was delivered by John Huston Finley, Ph.D. , 
LL.D., President of the College of the City of New York. An unusually 
large audience was in attendance, and Dr. Finley's address was heard with 
closest attention by every one present. 

The President announced the following: 

Professor of Law. The vacancy caused in this department by the 
resignation of Professor Thomas Ruffin has been filled by the election of 
Lucius Polk McGehee, A.B., 1887, LL.B., 1891. 

Professor of Zoology. The title of Dr. Henry V. Wilson has been 
changed from professor of biology to professor of zoology. This change 
has been rendered advisable by the the division of the department and the 
development of the chair of botany under Dr. Coker. 

Associate Professor of Physics. James Edward Latta has been pro- 
moted from instructor in physics to associate professor. 

Instructor in Drawing. Nathaniel Cortlandt Curtis, Ph.B., 1900, has 
been elected instructor in drawing. 

OTHER INSTRUCTORS AND ASSISTANTS. 

The following instructors and assistants have been appointed; 
Physics, A. W. Latta. 



18 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

Chemistry, W. M. Marriott, W. H. Oldham, E. E. Randolph. 

Geology, G. S. MacNider, R. W. Perry. 

Biology, W. H. Kibler, R. F. Leinbach. 

French, T. B. Higdon, W. P. Jacocks. 

German, T. B. Higdon. 

English, E. D. Broadhnrst. 

Anatomy, H. M. Jones. 

MEDALS AND PRIZES WERE AWARDED AS FOLLOWS: 

The Hume Medal, C. P. Russell. 

The Harris Prize, R. F. Leinbach. 

The Greek Prize, V. L. Stephenson. 

The Worth Prize, S. S. Robins. 

The Library Prizes, T. B. Higdon, O. B. Ross. 

The Early English Text Society Prize, L. R. Wilson. 

The Bingham Prize, H. S. Lewis. 

The Bryan Prize, J. K. Wilson. 

The Mangum Medal, E. S. W. Dameron. 

The Bradham Prize, J. B. LeGwin. 

The John Sprunt Hill Fellowship, J. H. Vaughan. 

Special certificates were announced: 

Chemistry: E. F. Bohannon, J. P. Irwin, G. A. Johnston, R. A. Lich- 
tenthaeler, L. B. Lockhart, W. M. Marriott, Ernest Sifford, W. A. Whit- 
aker. 

Economics: A. H. Johnston, W. E. Osborne, E. L. Sawyer. 

English: N. R. Graham, J. B. Huff, W. F. McCanless, E. E. Randolph, 
C. P. Russell. 

French: Gray Archer, W. P. Jacocks, W. E. Osborne, W. C. Rankin, J. 
H. Winston. 

Geology and Mineralogy: R. A. Lichtenthaeler. 

German: W. C. Rankin. 

Greek: W. H. Mann. 

History: J. B. Huff, E. E. Randolph, E. L. Sawyer, J. H. Vaughan, H. 
W. Winstead. 

Latin: Gray Archer, W. C. Rankin, J. H. Winston. 

Pedagogy: G. A. Johnston, W. E. Osborne, J. H. Vaughan. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 19 

Physios: A. L. OOX, T. P. I lickcrson, II. B. Frost, T. F). Morrison, J. H. 

Pearson. 

Degrees in course were then conferred. 

Bachelors of Arts: Gray Archer, Olarenoe Edward Betts, Addison Gor- 
gas Breniaer, Jr., Albert Lyman Cox, Edgar Samuel Williamson Dameron 

Erasmus Alston Daniel, Jr., William Wooten Eagles, William Fisher, Jr., 
Fletcher Harrison Gregory, Severn Green Haigh, Alfred Williams Hay- 
wood, Jr., William Picard Jacoeks, Graham Kenan, Wade Hampton Mann, 
Robert Oliver Miller, George Willis Oldham, Edgar Eugene Randolph, 
Willie Calvin Rankin, Sidney Swaim Robins, Lawrence Erastus Rudisill, 
Charles Phillips Russell, Marshall Cobb Staton, Theodore King Sutton, 
James Horner Winston. 

Bachelors of Philosophy: Ernest Franklin Bohannon, Edward Augustus 
Council, Virgil Clayton Daniels, William Dunn, Jr., Neill Ray Graham, 
Ralph Moore Harper, Thomas Felix Hickerson, Rolanda Clarence Holton, 
Andrew Hall Johnston , Albert Whitehead Latta, Luther Bynum Lockhart, 
Walter Frederick McCanless, EvanderMcNairMcIver, John Sprunt New- 
ton, William Ewell Osborne, Ernest Linwood Sawyer, Ernest Sifford, 
John Henry Vaughan, William Asbury Whitaker, Jr., Harry Wooding 
Winstead, Walter Poole Wood. 

Bachelors of Science: Harry Barber Frost, Lawrence Shackleford Holt, 
Jr., James Preston Irwin, George Anderson Johnston, Williams McKim 
Marriott, Theodore Davidson Morrison, Wesley Benton Owen, Jr., John 
Henry Pearson, Jr., Welborn Earl Pharr. 

Bachelors of Laws: Theodore Garfield Britton, Robert Withington Her- 
ring, Ph.B., 1903, Joseph Bunn Ramsey. 

Graduates in Pharmacy: Numa Duncan Bitting , John Gustavus Greene, 
John Thomas Howell, John Bunyan LeGwin. 

Master of Science: Robert Arthur Lichtenthaeler, S.B., 1902. 

Masters of Arts: William Stanly Bernard, A.B., 1900, Albert Lyman 
Cox, William James Gordon, A.B., 1903, Joseph Bascomb Huff, A.B., 
Wake Forest, 1902, Alice Edward Jones, Ph.B., 1900, Marvin Hendrix 
Stacy, Ph.B., 1902. 

^Doctors of Medicine: Marshall Crapon Guthrie, Jr., Frank Louis Sharp, 
John Haywood Stanly, Jr., Arthur Pender Willis. 

♦Conferred May 5, 1904, at the closing exercises of the Medical Department. 



30 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

Dr. Meade made a brief but impressive address in presenting to each 
member of the graduating class the University's last, best gift, a Bible. 

For ten years the conferring of honorary degrees has been omitted. At 
this commencement, the degree of Doctor of Letters was conferred up- 
on Robert Paine Pell, President of Converse College, and the Degree of 
Doctor of Laws upon Charles Duncan Mclver, President of the State 
Normal and Industrial College. In presenting the former for his degree, 
Professor Charles Alphonso Smith said: 

Mr. President, I have the honor to present to you for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Letters Robert Paine Pell, President of Converse College, Spartan- 
burg, S. C. 

An Alumnus of this University, he has upheld the high ideals of his 
Alma Mater by unremitting study, by devoted and fruitful service as 
evangelist and educator among the mountaineers of North Carolina, and 
by his successful administration as President of the Presbyterian College 
for Women, Columbia, and of Converse College, Spartanburg." 

And in presenting President Mclver: 

"Mr. President, I have the honor to present to you for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws another son of the University of North Carolina, Charles Dun- 
can Mclver, President of the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial 
College for Women. 

As State Institute conductor from 1889 to 1892, he first showed himself 
peculiarly fitted to be a moulder of educational thought. A firm believer in 
the education of all the people, he has devoted his rare powers of organiza- 
tion and appeal more especially to the education of women. 'No State,' 
he declares, 'which will educate its mothers, need have any fear about 
future illiteracy.' That this sentiment has at last found recognition not 
only in the educational creed but also in the educational policy of North 
Carolina is due more to Dr. Mclver than to any other one man." 

The exercises closed with* the benediction, pronounced by Dr. Meade, 



THi: UNIVERSITY RECORD 21 



THE YEAR IN ATHLETICS. 



The work of the foot ball team was abundantly successful, if it is re- 
membered that the object of its season is really to win the final game. It 
did this, by the pleasing score of 16 to 0. The scores made in all of the 
games were as follows, the University's score being placed first in each 
instance. The University made 137 to her opponents' 72. 

Sept. 26. Guilford College, at Chapel Hill, 15-0. 

Oct. 3. Oak Ridge Institute, at Chapel Hill, 45-0. 

Oct. 10. South Carolina College, at Columbia, 17-0. 

Oct. 17. Virginia Military Institute, at Roanoke, 28-6. 

Oct. 24. Georgetown University, at Norfolk, 0-33. 

Oct. 3L University of Kentucky, at Greensboro, 5-6. 

Nov. 7. Virginia Polytechnic Institute, at Norfolk, 0-21. 

Nov. 14. Clemson College, at Chapel Hill, 11-6. 

Nov. 26. University of Virginia, at Richmond, 16-0. 

Of the baseball nine, the story is different. Individually the players 
were stars. As a nine, they seemed unable to play good ball, and baseball 
is played by nine men. It is believed that the lesson of this season will not 
be forgotten next year. The scores were: 

March 14. Bingham School (Mebane) , at Chapel Hill, 15-3. 

March 17. Oak Ridge Institute, at Chapel Hill, 16-2. 

March 25. Lafayette College, at Chapel Hill, 8-11. 

March 26. Lafayette College, at Chapel Hill, 2-6. 

April 2. University of Maryland, at Greensboro, 6-7. 

April 4. Davidson College, at Winston, 0-7. 

April 8. Cornell University, at Raleigh, 2-3 (ten innings). 

April 9. N. C. Agricultural and Mechanical College, at Raleigh, 2-9. 

April 14. St. Alban's School, at Chapel Hill, 12-6. 

April 15. St. Alban's School, at Chapel Hill, 20-7. 

April 16. Randolph -Macon College, at Chapel Hill, 13-3. 

April 22. University of Virginia, at Chapel Hill, 7-10. 

April 23. University of Virginia, at Greensboro, 2-9. 

May 2. N. C. Agricultural and Mechanical College, at Chapel Hill, 9-0. 

May 7. Georgetown University, at Washington, 5-10. 



22 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

A third game with the University of Virginia, scheduled for May 7 at 
Charlottesville, could not be played, either on that date or on May 9, be- 
cause of rain. 

Rain also prevented the contest between the University track team and 
that of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville on May 7 and 
9. The track team would probably have done well. The one mile relay 
team, which took part in the Pennsylvania meet at Philadelphia, won a 
second place. 

Mr. John R. Lemmert, of Baltimore, has generously presented to the 
Athletic Association a handsome silver cup, to be given each year to the 
class team which wins the largest number of points in field und track ath- 
letics at the spring meet. 



MEETINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES. 

The following papers have been presented since our last report: 

ELISHA MITCHELL SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY. 

150th-154th Meetings. 

"The Use of the Victor Diagram in Electrical Engineering." Mr. J. E. 
Latta. 

"Tanning (with specimens)." Mr. Charles Baskerville. 

"The Influence of the Spermatozoon on the Larval Development of the 
Sea-Urchin." Mr. H. V. Wilson. 

"Elements, Verified and Unverified." Mr. Charles Baskerville. 

"Mendel's Law of Heredity." Mr. W. C. Coker. 

"Incomplete Division in Vertebrate Animals." Mr. H. V. Wilson. 

"Composition of Wasted Plain Sands in Relation to Distance from Exist- 
ing Shore Lines." Mr. Collier Cobb. 

"Mercerisation." Mr. A. S. Wheeler. 

"The Work of the Digestive Glands." Dr. I. H. Manning. 

"Kunzite, the New Gem; Its Unique Properties (with demonstrations)." 
Mr. Charles Baskerville. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 23 

"The World's Production and Consumption of Ooal." Mr. ('. L Raper. 
"Grafting iD Vertebrate Embryos." Mr. H. V. Wilson. 
"Protozoa in Smallpox." Dr. R. H. Whitehead. 

THE PHILOLOGICAL CLUB. 

"Note on Conditional Sentences in English." Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

Certain Points of Comparison Between Tatian's Harmony and the Vul- 
gate." Mr. Toy. 

"Is it True that 'Where Form Remains Anywhere, Function Remains 
Everywhere'? " Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

''Moods in Modern Greek." Mr. Alexander. 

"Separable Verbs in Tatian." Mr. Toy. 

" 'You all,' as Used in the South." Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

"Note on the Te Deum." Mr. Alexander. 

"The First German Preface." Mr. Toy. 

• ' An Unnoticed Peculiarity in the Sequence of Relative Pronouns. ' ' Mr. 
C. Alphonso Smith. 

"Tyndale's Bible Work." Mr. Hume. 

"A New German Theory of Poetry." Mr. Howe. 

"Love Verses of Greek Peasants." Mr. Alexander. 

THE ROUND TABLE. 

"A Rapid Survey of the History of Classical Philology." Mr. Howe. 
"The Religious Consciousness. " Mr. Williams. 
"Recent Work on the Causes of Yellow Fever." Dr. Whitehead. 
"Public Opinion and the Trusts." Mr. Raper. 



NORTH CAROLINA. A STUDY IN ENGLISH COLONIAL 
GOVERNMENT. By Charles Lee Raper, Ph.D., Associate Pro- 
fessor of Economics and Associate Professor of History in the 
University of North Carolina. Pp. XIII. + 260. New York, The 
Macmillan Company. London, Macmillan Company, Limited. 
1904. 

This is a full and accurate history of the Provincial government of North 
Carolina from 1663 to the Revolution of 1776, founded on all accessible 



24 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

original sources. Beginning with the fatuous attempt of the Lords Pro- 
prietors to impose on a few plain farmers in the wilderness an elaborate ar- 
istocratic polity, he shows step by step the gain by the people of a fair 
measure of home rule, by Governor, Council and Assembly, which, with 
few changes, was embodied in the constitution of the independent state. 

The rule of the Proprietors was not in North Carolina as odious as it 
was in her southern neighbor. Hence the crown succeeded to their rights 
not by revolution but by fair purchase. The chief portion of Dr. Raper's 
valuable treatise is taken up with the royal period, beginning with 1729, 
the date of the Parliamentary notification, practically from the pre- 
ceding year. A separate chapter is given to the Governor, the Council and 
the Assembly, or ' 'lower house ." The Governor was appoi nted by and sub- 
ject to instructions by the crown, through its servant, the Board of Trade. 
It would have been a miracle if he had pleased the King and the people at 
all times His powers and duties in regard to the sale of lands and the ex- 
action of quit-rents, over the Assembly and over the judiciary, over the 
militia and the execution of the laws, his wranglings with the Assembly 
and correspondence with the Board of Trade, sometimes peppery, are given. 
In an interesting estimate of the personal and official conduct of the Gov- 
ernors, from Burrington to Martin, both inclusive, the author finds that as 
a rule they aimed at duty. 

The Council (Chapter 3) was a part of the executive department and the 
upper house of the legislature. After a careful study of their work, 
the conclusion is drawn that the Governors generally recommended and 
the King appointed honorable and sensible men. The names of the most 
prominent are given, and we are able to trace in many of their descendants 
from generation to generation the qualities which procured the advance- 
ment of their ancestors. 

After thorough review of the temper and work of the Lower House 
(Chapter 4) much is found worthy of admiration. The members show- 
ed intelligence and courage. They stood manfully up to what they con- 
ceived to be their rights against the hectoring of Governors and royal ve- 
toes. And, while watchful for their constituents, they were loyal to the 
King so far as their rights were respected. 

The confused muddle of the land laws, Dr. Raper with great industry 
and patience, in Chapter 5, has cleared away. The disputes in regard to 



tiik cmvkusii'v BEOOBD 20 

titles, the amount and mode of payment <>r quit rents, and the practical 
working of fche land offices of the King and Karl Granville, are fully bj 
plained 

a very instructive chapter (Chapter 6) is given bo taxation and the issue 
of bills of credit and other securities. The fate of each issue is t raced, the 

provisions for redemption and their failure are given. For years only poll 
taxes were levied. The persons liable, or "taxables", were white mates 
sixteen years old, and negroes, and all of mixed blood, to the fourth gener- 
ation, of both sexes. The burden fell therefore mainly on slave owners, 
t he wealthiest class. Real estate was afterwards also taxed, there coming 
down to us fourteen tax laws bearing on polls and two on land. Personal 
property was exempt. Custom duties were occasionally levied, twice on 
general merchandise and six times on alcoholic liquors. 

The judicial system (Chapter 7) is fully explained, including courts and 
their jurisdiction, the mode of appointment and tenure of judges, justices 
of the peace, and clerks. The provisions for defence (Chapter 8) by forts 
and troops are described. But the most instructive chapter is that which 
gives the differences between the executive, including the Council, and 
the Lower House (Chapter 9.) The points of dispute were in regard to 
land, fees, the appointment of the colonial agents in England, the juris- 
diction of the courts, appointment of judges, and licensing of lawyers, and 
especially over their constitutional privileges as a branch of the law-making 
power . 

The last chapter (Chapter 10) gives the disputes, which led to separation 
from England. The colonists claimed that the Governor, (the King's lieu- 
tenant) , Council and Assembly were the law-making power for their inter- 
nal affairs, just as King, Lord and Commons were the law-making power 
for Great Britain and Ireland. This claim was not conceded, hence war 
and independence. 

We rise from the perusal of this discriminating and exhaustive work 
with increased respect for our colonial ancestors, who in the wilds of a new 
country, without facilities for education, showed that they possessed the 
instinctive, inborn regard for law, coupled with the determination to re- 
sist invasions of their personal and political rights by king or priest, char- 
acteristic of the great Anglo-Norman race. 



26 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



NOTES. 



Work on the Young Men's Christian Association Building and on the 
William Preston Brynum, Jr., Gymnasium is making good progress. 

The Summer Law School opened June 8, with an attendance of forty-five 
young men, who began work at once with the zeal which characterizes 
law students. 

The North Carolina Journal of Lav:, of which Judge James C. MacRae, 
Dean of the Law Department is editor, continues to do credit to the legal 
profession of the State. 

President Venable will deliver the commencement address at Lafayette 
College, June 22. He delivered addresses at the closing exercises of the 
Reidsville Graded Schools and of the Goldsboro Graded Schools. 

Professor M. C. S. Noble has been, as usual, active in helping on the cause 
of education throughout the State . He has spoken at the closing exercises of 
a number of schools, before gatherings of school officers in various counties, 
and at the Teacher's Assembly. 

The Summer School for Teachers, June 13 — July 8, promises to be the 
most useful and successful of all that have been held. As The Record goes 
to press (June 16), the number already enrolled is 160, and teachers are 
coming in daily. 

The North Carolina Booklet, Vol. Ill, No. 11, contains "The Battle of 
Moore's Creek Bridge," by Professor M. C. S. Noble; and Vol. IV, No. 1, 
"The Lords Proprietors of North Carolina," by Dr. Kemp P. Battle. Both 
books are important contributions to the history of North Carolina. 

Dr. C. Alphonso Smith is president of the State Historical and Literary 
Association. He has recently made addresses at the closing exercises of 
the schools of Charlotte and Durham, at the Teachers' Assembly, and 
commencement addresses at Tulane University and Clemson College, and 
is to make the address at the University of Tennessee, June 21. 

Dr. Thomas Hume made the address at the closing exercises of the Rox- 
boro schools, May 10, on "The School and the Home," and at Orrum Ins- 
titute, Robeson coumry, May 20, on "Education for Citizenship." He 
will lecture on English literature at the summer school in Raleigh and on 
the literature of the Bible at the Summer School of the South in Knox- 
ville. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 27 

The news of l>r. Charles Baskerville's resignation of the ohair of ohem 
istry was received with deep regret by all who have known him since he 
came here, as a student and assistant in chemistry, in L891. During all 

of that time he has taken an active part in the life of the University and 

of the community, in all of its phases. Although he is a tireless worker, 
he has never failed to help, with willing heart, in matters outside of his 
own depart meat wlie re his services were needed. He and his family take 
with them to their new home the affectionate good wishes of all who have 
been associated with them here. 

The seventh annual debate between the Universities of North Carolina 
and of Georgia was held at Chapel Hill April 1st. The subject was, "Re- 
solved f That Labor Unions are Inimical to our Industrial Development. " 
Messrs. A. H. Johnston and I. C. Wright represented Carolina, on the af- 
firmative, and Messrs. A. G. Goluck and W. W. Patterson represented 
Georgia, on the negative. The judges were Joseph G. Brown, Esquire, 
Mr. J. Van Lindley, and Rev. W. T. D. Moss, and their decision was in 
favor of the affirmative. North Carolina has won four, and Georgia three 
of the debates in the series between them. 

The resignation of Thomas Ruffin, D.C.L., from his professorship of 
law in the Uuiversity, for the purpose of entering upon the active practice 
o£ law in Charlotte, is a direct loss to the University, which could only be 
filled by such an excellent appointment as has been made in his stead. 
But he will be a gain to the profession in North Carolina. Thoroughly 
educated in the principles of the law under such distinguished preceptors 
as Justices Harlan, Brewer, and Brown, of the Supreme Court, Justice 
Shepard, of the Court of Appeals, Joseph J. Darlington, Esq., and others 
at the Law T Schools of Columbian and Georgetown, and trained in the law 
of North Carolina by reason of the diligent study of its decisions and stat- 
utes during the course of his four years of lecturing here, he will undoubt- 
edly be found worthy to uphold the most honored name in the judicial 
history of his native State. 



AMONG THE ALUMNI. 

'35. — Rev. J. L. Gay, whose death at Santa Fe\ New Mexico, is noticed 



38 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

on another page, recently published a monograph, "The True Story of Mar- 
shal Ney". Mr. Gay was a pupil of Peter Stuart Ney in 1827, at Gracy's 
Spring, N. C, and gives an interesting account of him, believing that his 
teacher was Marshal Michel Ney. 

'40. — In memory of Dr. Calvin H. Wiley, the first State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction in North Carolina, a monument has been erected at 
Winston- Salem. 

'41. — The oldest graduate in attendance at commencement this year was 
Major John Wilson Brodnax, of Rockingham county. 

'79. — Rev. Robert Strange, D.D., has accepted the office of Bishop Coad- 
jutor of the diocese of East Carolina. 

'81. — Dr. Herbert B. Battle has changed his residence from Savannah, 
Ga., to Montgomery, Ala., and is now State Manager for Alabama of the 
Cotton- Oil Company. 

'85. — St. Leon Scull has changed his residence from Windsor to Mar- 
shall, where he will practise law. 

Augustus White Long, '85, Instructor in English at Princeton, edited 
last year, in conjunction with Professor T. M. Parrott, of Princeton, a 
volume of "English Poems from Chaucer to Kipling". The volume con- 
tains biographical introductions and full critical notes, and is intended for 
class-room work in schools and colleges. It has been introduced in Prince- 
ton University, in the Normal College at Greensboro, in Lawrenceville 
School (N. J.), and in many other institutions. Messrs. Ginn & Co. are 
the publishers. 

'87-'95. — The Raleigh News and Observer of June 5th, published the fol- 
lowing editorial: 

TWO ABLE CAROLINIANS. 

At the meeting of the University trustees last week, Mr. Thomas Ruffin, 
professor of law, resigned and will practise law in Charlotte. He has 
made reputation at Chapel Hill as lawyer and instructor, and his resigna- 
tion is regretted. He bears a name synonymous with judicial learning 
and personal probity. He is worthy to wear the name Thomas Ruffin, 
and we look to see him the third of the name to honor the Supreme Court 
bench of his native State. 

The State is to be congratulated that Mr. Lucius P. McGehee has been 



THK I'NIVKKSITY ICKCOKI) 

chosen to succeed Mr. Ruffin. Mr. McGehee graduated m fche University 
in 188? with the highest marks ever received by any student Binoe Petti- 

grew and RanSOBQ made high water marks over half a century ttgO. Since 
graduation he has held a position as editor in a great law publishing house 
in New York. He began as a junior editor, on a small salary. By his 
ability, industry and capacity he was advanced to the highest place in 
editing law publications. Mr. McGehee is a son of the late Hon. Montford 
McGehee and loves his native State, which will warmly welcome him back 
home. 

'92. — Frank C . Mebaue has removed his law office from 100 Broadway 
to 69 Wall Street, New York. 

Howard A. Banks, Alumni fellow 1891-'92, for a long time on the staff 
of The Charlotte Observer and of The Charlotte Chronicle, has returned to 
his old home at Asheville, and taken the editorship of The Asheville Gazette- 
News. 

J. V. Lewis, Professor of Geology in Clemson College, S. 0., has resigned 
to accept a similar position at Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N. J. 

Dr. Richard H. Johnston is one of the editors of the "Journal of Eye, 
Ear, and Throat Diseases," Baltimore. The November-December num- 
ber contains a paper by him on "Dermoid Tumor of the Mastoid." He is 
also a contributor to The Norfolk Medical Journal, The Philosophic Medical 
Journal, The Laryngoscope, and others. Dr. Johnston's address is now No. 
819 Park Avenue, Baltimore. 

'95. — "The Philosophy of Education," by Dr. Herman H. Home, has 
been published by the Macmillan Company. Critics speak of the book as 
superior to anything that has been published on the subject. It is dedica- 
ted to Professor H. H. Williams. 

C. F. Tomlinson is President of the Association of City School Superin- 
tendents, E. D. Broadhurst, '99, Vice President, and A. J. Barwick, 1900, 
Secretary and Treasurer. Mr. Tomlinson, who has for five years been 
Superintendent of the Winston-Salem schools, has resigned his position, 
intendending to engage in manufacturing at High Point. W. S. Snipes, 
'90, has been chosen as as his successor, and Thomas Hume, Jr., 1900, suc- 
ceeds Mr. Snipes as principal of the West Winston school. 

'96. — J. W. Canada is editor of El Porvenir, a monthly magazine pub- 
lished at Denver, Colorado, and Omaha, Nebraska. 



30 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

'98.— Robert E. Follin, recently on the staff of The New York Herald, has 
been chosen city editor of The Charlotte Observer. 

1900. — P. H. Ely is Instructor in Spanish at the Virginia Polytechnic In- 
stitute. His public lectures on the Philippines and the Filipinos have been 
favorably received. He has just published a book, "An Epoch in History," 
giving an account of his experiences as a teacher in the Philippines. 

Ernest Graves is captain of the West Point football team, and Patrick 
Henry Winston, (Ex-1902) of the base ball nine. In scholarship as well as 
in athletics both of them have done credit to the University. 

1902 — Miss Margaret C. Burke is a member of the faculty of the San 
Antonio, Texas, Female College. 

Kemp B. Stevens (Ex-1902) is Secretary of the Tar Heel Club, of Denver, 
Colorado. 

1903. — George J. Green is a student in the Yale Divinity School. 

1904 (Med). — At the examination before the State Board for license to 
practise medicine, Mr. Marshall C. Guthrie stood first. His training was 
received in the Medical Department of the University, the first two years 
at Chapel Hill, the third and fourth at Raleigh. 

MARRIAGES OF ALUMNI. 

At Scotland Neck,N. C., December 29, 1903, Mr. Nathan Wilson Walker 
and Miss Eva Hortense Pritchard. 

At Charlotte, N. C, January 6, 1904, Mr. Howard A. Banks and Miss 
Delia Isabel Torrence. 

At Greenville, N. C, February 3, 1904, Mr. J. Bryan Grimes, Secretary of 
State, and Miss Elizabeth Forrest Laughinghouse. 

At New Orleans, La., February 10, 1904, Dr. Edwin Anderson Alder- 
man and Miss Bessie Green Hearn. 

At New Bern, N. C, February 10, 1904, Mr. Braston Isaiah Tart and 
Miss Eva Morton Mann. 

At Reidsville, N. C, February 17, 1904, Mr. Thomas Staples Fuller and 
Miss Pearle Penn. 

At Pineville, N. 0., February 22nd, 1904, Mr. Ernest Franklin Bohan- 
non and Miss Sadie Sloan. 

At Raleigh, N. C, April 6, 1904, Mr. Collier Cobb and Miss Lucy Plum- 
mer Battle. 

At Helena, Arkansas, April 7, 1904, Rev. Thaddeus Ainsley Cheatham 
and Miss Anna Lambert Faulkner. 

At Lockport, N. Y., April 9, 1904, Mr. William R. Kenan and Miss Alice 
Pomeroy. 



TltE UNIVERSITY RECORD 31 

At Fernbank, Atlanta, Oft., April 80, 1904, Dr. Michael Hoke and Miss 
Laurie Hendree Harrison. 

At Charlotte, N. 0., April 81, L904, Mr. Word Harris Wood and Miss 
Fanny Arinistead Burwell. 

At Atlanta, Ga., June 2, 1904, Mr. Van Astor Batehelor and Miss Nellie 
Gillespie Earnest. 

At Salem, Virginia, June 7, 1904, Dr. John Martin Fleming and Miss 
Lelia Gertrude Killian. 

At Paterson, N. J., June 8, 1904, Mr. Charles Lee Raper and Miss Hen- 
rietta Frost Williams. 

At Winston, N. C, June 8, 1904, Mr. Thomas Davis Warren and Miss 
Mary Agnes Stevenson. 

At Wilmington, N. C, June 16, 1904, Mr. Edwin Mood Wilson and 
Miss Alice Green. 



NECROLOGY. 



Allen, David Charles, Brunswick Co. Student, 1855- '57. Lawyer. 
State Senator. Colonel C. S. A. Planter, at Armour in Columbus 
county. Died April 2, 1903. 

Amis, James Saunders, Oxford. A.B., 1846. Teacher. Lawyer. State 
Representative. Died November 7, 1903, at Waynesboro, Va. 

Berry, Cicero N., Hillsboro. Student, 1850-'52. A.B.Princeton Law- 
yer. Farmer. Died April 10, 1904. 

Caldwell, Robert Ernest, Greensboro. A.B., 1880. D.D. Presbyterian 
minister, Winston, N. C. Born October 18, 1857, died Jan. 3, 1904. 

De Schweinitz, Emile Alexander, Salem. A.B., 1882; Ph.D. U. N. C, 
1885. Ph.D. (Goettingen). Assistant Chemist U. S. Department 
of Agriculture. Director of the Bio-chemic Laboratory of U. S. 
Professor in Columbian Medical School and dean of the faculty. 
Born January 18, 1863, died February 15, 1904. 

Gay, John Lenoir, Oxford. Student 1831-'33. Lawyer in Alabama. 
Episcopal Minister, Fayette, Missouri, and Santa Fe., N. M. 
Prof . of English, University of Indiana, 1871-'72. Born Septem- 
ber, 1809, died at Santa Fe March 22, 1904. 

Hall, Thomas G., Cumberland Co. Student 1859- '60. Lawyer. Planter 
in Brunswick Co. and in South Dakota. Chairman of Board of 
County Commissioners. Died November 17, 1903. 

Humphries, William Washington, Columbus, Miss. A.B.,1858. LL.B. 
Captain C. S. A. State Senator. Born 1840, died Feb. 5, 1904. 



32 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 

Irwin, James Patton, Charlotte. A.B., 1843. Planter and Commission 
Merchant. Born May 21, 1820, died November 24, 1903. 

Kornegay, William Emmett, Goldsboro. Student of Medicine 1896-'97. 
Died 1903. 

Leach, James Madison, Lexington. Ph.B., 1881. Lawyer at Waynesville 
and Lexington. In government service at Washington, D. C. 
Born July 22, 1859, died January 10, 1904. 

Lewis, Joseph Warner, Lawrenceville , Va. A.B., 1852. Teacher. Cap- 
tain C, S. A. Lawyer. Chancery Commissioner. Died Decem- 
ber 25, 1902. 

McBee, Vardry Alexander, Lincolnton. A.B. , 1841. In R. R. service. 
Clerk Superior Court. Born April 17, 1818, died February 17, 1904. 

McCloud, Lawrence P., Asheville. Student of law 1897. Killed by auto- 
mobile, November, 1903. 

Murchison, Kenneth M., Cumberland Co. A.B. 1853. Colonel C. S. A. 
Commission Merchant, New York and Wilmington, N. C. Died 
June 3, 1904. 

Norfleet, James. Student in Law 1882-'84. Lawyer, Fort Payne, Ala- 
bamba, and Tarboro, N. C. County Attorney. Born November 
10, 1861, died March 30, 1904. 

Phillips, Samuel Field, Chapel Hill. A.B., 1841; A.M., 1844; L.L.D., 1879. 
Lawyer . Reporter of Supreme Court. Adjunct-Professor of Law, 
l§54-'65. State Representative. Speaker of the House. Auditor. 
Commissioner of Claims. Solicitor General of the United States, 
1873-'85. Born February 18, 1825, died at Washington, D. C, 
November 18, 1903. 

Rand, Oscar Ripley, Wake Co. A.B., 1854. Captain, C. S. A. Planter 
in Wake and Johnston counties. Born February 1 1 , 1833, died Jan- 
uary 29, L904. 

Seawell, Richard Bullock, Raleigh. Student 1836-'38. Planter. Born 
May 26, 1818, died April 18, 1904. 

Siler, Albert, W., Macon Co. Student 1851-'52. Farmer. Born 1829, 
died March 14, 1904. 

Walters, William, Brunswick Co. Student, 1847-'51. Planter. Died 
at Wilmington, February 8, 1904. 

Wetmore, William Robards, Fayetteville. A.B. ,1854. D.D. Tutor of 
Mathematics U. N. C. Chaplain C. S. A. Episcopal Minister at Lin- 
colnton and Missionary at various points. Born 1834, died March 
25, 1904. 

Wharton, Jesse Rankin, Greensboro. A. B., 1855. Supt. Public Instruc- 
tion. Born 1833, died March 6, 1904. 

White, William J., Warrenton. Student 1859-'61. Merchant. Quarter- 
master C. S. A. Born October 7, 1842, died September 27, 1903. 

Zachary, Robert Edgar, Transylvania Co. Ph.B., 1895. Physician, 
Wilmington, N. C. Died March, 1904. 



3 0112 105882416 



(Announcements 



THE Fall Term of the University of 
North Carolina will begin Sep- 
tember- 5, 1904. 

Registration, September 5, 6, 7. Ap- 
plicants for admission into the Univer- 
sity will be examined on the days 
appointed for registration. 

Lectures in the Academic Depart- 
ment and in the Professional Schools 
will begin September 8, 1904. 

The Summer Law School, June 8- 
August 26. 

The Summer School for Teachers, 
June 13-July 8. 

For the Catalogue or for detailed 
information, address 

FRANCIS P. VKNABLE, President 

University of North Carolina 

Chapel Hill